Zoning Checking

Zoning Checking

Zoning categories and symbols vary among communities. A C-1 zone in one city is not necessarily the same as a C-1 in another. Local governments use letters of the alphabet as codes to identify the use allowed in a physical geographic area — such as:

  • R for residential zones
  • C for commercial zones
  • I for industrial zones

These symbols are usually paired with a number. The number can specify the level of use, or it may indicate a certain amount of acreage or square footage for that particular property. Residential zones can include:

  • Single Family Residences (SFR)
  • Suburban Residences (SR)
  • Any number of other designations, including homes, apartments, duplexes, trailer parks, co-ops, and condominiums

Residential zoning can cover issues such as whether mobile homes can be placed on the property and the number of structures allowed on a certain property. Zoning laws typically limit the type of animals allowed at a residence. Domestic pets such as dogs, birds, and cats are generally not regulated, but chickens, sheep, horses, llamas, pigs, and cows are subject to certain requirements. Many laws prohibit keeping these farm animals in residential neighborhoods. Others limit the number of animals based on the size of the property.

Residential Zoning and Home-Based Businesses
Zoning laws on home-based businesses can depend on:

  • Nature of the business
  • Whether there are employees or business invitees
  • Hours of operation
  • Signage
  • Parking and delivery concerns
  • Noise issues

Some zoning ordinances prohibit all in-home businesses in residential areas. Others limit the type of business and business hours. They may also require separate parking and entrance facilities. Rules regarding home-based businesses for condominiums are typically even more restrictive than private residences. Commercial zoning usually has several categories and depends on the business use of the property, and often the number of business patrons. Almost any kind of real estate (other than single-family homes and single-family lots) can be considered commercial real estate.

Examples of commercial zoning include: 

  • Office buildings
  • Shopping centers
  • Nightclubs
  • Hotels
  • Certain warehouses
  • Some apartment complexes, as well as vacant land that has the potential for development into these types of buildings 

The availability of parking may affect the type of commercial zoning that is allowed. Additionally, there can be rules regarding the proximity of certain types of businesses to others. Many zoning laws ban or limit adult entertainment establishments to a certain geographical area. Others bar such types of land uses within a certain distance of existing schools or churches.

Industrial Zoning
Like commercial zoning, industrial zoning can be specific to the type of business. Environmental factors, including noise concerns and industrial use, determine into which industrial zone a business falls. Manufacturing plants and many storage facilities have industrial zoning. Certain businesses like airports may have their own designation. Industrial zoning often depends on the floor area ratio (which is the land area covered by all buildings on a lot) and building height. Additionally, set-back requirements are higher for industrial zoned properties.

Agricultural Zoning
Agricultural zoning is generally used by communities that are concerned about maintaining the economic viability of the agricultural industry. Agricultural zoning typically limits the density of development. It also restricts non-farm uses of the land. In many agricultural zoning ordinances, the density is controlled by setting a large minimum lot size for a residential dwelling unit. Densities may vary depending upon the type of agricultural operation. Agricultural zoning can protect farming communities from becoming fragmented by residential development.

How juslaws & Consult can help you

Zoning issues can unexpectedly impact land usage and neighboring properties in Thailand. Whether you're navigating zoning enforcement or considering property zoning changes, seeking guidance from a seasoned land use and zoning attorney is essential. At Juslaws & Consult, our experienced team specializes in assisting clients with zoning questions and issues specific to Thailand. Reach out to us for expert support in navigating Thailand's zoning regulations and achieving your property goals.